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Using AI Language Models

A brief overview of how to use AI Language Models


How to cite ChatGPT - APA Style by Timothy McAdoo  

Citing AI Language Model, Specific Generated Content:

It is important to know that APA is still in the process of constructing official guidelines for citing AI-language models. This example was taken from APA 7th Ed. Rule 8.9 Personal Communications. These guidelines could change based on future APA decisions and are considered suggestions. 

When you use content generated by an AI language model in your academic work, you should indicate that it was generated by an AI language model and provide the date of the content's creation. (Many instructors will not accept content created by AI as a scholarly source!)

If the AI model's content is not retrievable or available for others, then it could fall into the personal communication category; this would mean you would cite with an in-text-only citation.

Personal Communication, In-text APA 7th edition citation: (Communicator, personal communication, Month day, year)


(Paraphrase from OpenAI's ChatGPT-3 AI language model, personal communication, February 15, 2023).

Example: OpenAI."ChatGPT-Language Model." OpenAI, 
Accessed 30 Mar. 2023.

In the above citation, "OpenAI" is listed as the author, "ChatGPT -  Language Model" is the title of the page or article, and "" is the URL where the article can be found. The date you accessed the website is also included in case the content has been updated since you accessed it.

Example: Author/s co-created some text in part with GPT-3, OpenAI’s large-scale language generation model. The author/s reviewed, edited, and revised the language after co-creating content.

In the above example, the author/s provides a statement about the content co-created with the help of GPT-3. It is also stated that the content was reviewed, edited, and revised.