Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Style, 7th Edition

The APA Style 7th Edition guide serves to provide APA support starting January 2020



Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Publisher.


George, M. W. (2008). The elements of library research: What every student needs to know. Princeton University Press.

(George, 2008)


eBooks (Electronic Book)


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of Book. Publisher.

Example 1: Book from a Library Database, no DOI

Smith, M. (2000). Ballet and opera in the age of Giselle. Princeton University Press.

(Smith, 2000)

Example 2: eBook with a DOI

Samanez-Larkin, G. R. (Ed.). (2019). The aging brain: Functional adaptation across adulthood. American Psychological Association.

(Samanez-Larkin, 2019)

Example 3: Kindle Book

Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. Hachette Book Group.

(Gladwell, 2008)

Example 4: Project Gutenberg Book

Kleiser, G. (2008). Fifteen thousand useful phrases. Funk & Wagnalls; Project Gutenberg. (Original work published 1917)

(Kleiser, 1917/2008)

Note: When citing in-text, it can be difficult if your eBook does not have a page number (most PDF books do). In this case, try to get as specific as possible by mentioning chapter, section, and paragraph numbers.

One of the author's main points is that "people don't rise from nothing" (Gladwell, 2008, Chapter 1, Section 2, para. 5).

Book with an Editor


Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title of book. Publisher.


Johnson, C. L., & Tuite, C. (Eds.). (2009). A companion to Jane Austen. Wiley-Blackwell.

(Johnson & Tuite, 2009)

Edition of Books Other Than First Edition


Author, A. A. (Date). Title of book (xth ed.). Publisher.


Rottenberg, A. T. (2003). Elements of argument: A text and reader (7th ed.). Bedford/St. Martin's.

(Rottenberg, 2003)

Chapter in an Edited Book


Author of Chapter, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher.


Shephered, S. (1988). Shakespeare's private drawer: Shakespeare and homosexuality. In G. Holderness (Ed.), The Shakespeare myth (pp. 96–110). Manchester University Press.

(Shephered, 1988).


Whole Anthology Template

Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title of book. Publisher.


Grene, D. & Lattimore, R. (Eds.). (1959). The complete Greek tragedies. University of Chicago Press.

(Grene & Lattimore, 1959)

Work in an Anthology Template

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work. In A. A. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. XX–XX). Publisher. (Original work published Year)


Ibsen, Henrik. (2002). A doll's house. In R. S. Gwynn (Ed.), Drama: A pocket anthology (2nd ed., pp. 209–277). Longman. (Original work published 1879)

(Ibsen, 1879/2002)

Entries in a Reference Book

Always look carefully for a byline/author; this is usually at either the beginning or the end of an entry.

With Entry Author


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of entry. In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of reference work (xth ed., Vol. xx, pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher.


Hodges, W. (2006). First-order logic. In D. M. Borchert (Ed.), The encyclopedia of philosophy (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 639–659). Thomson Gale.

(Hodges, 2006)

No Entry Author


Title of entry. (Year). In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of reference work (xth ed., Vol. xx, pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher.


Southeast Asia. (2003). In The new encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropedia (15th ed., Vol. 27, pp. 711–794). Encyclopaedia Britannica.

("Southeast Asia," 2003)

Entries in an Online Encyclopedia


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of entry. In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of reference work (xx ed.). Website. http://xxxxx

Example 1: Individual Author

Masolo, D. (2006). African sage philosophy. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 ed.). Stanford University.

(Masolo, 2006)

Example 2: Group Author

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (n.d.) Antisemitism. In Holocaust encyclopedia. Retrieved October 7, 2019, from

(United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d.)

Note: If the author is the same as the website, omit the website component. If an encyclopedia is continuously updated and does not have an archived version, include the retrieval date.

Foreign Language Books


Author, A. A. (Year). Foreign title [Translated title]. Publisher.


Paz, O. (1959). El laberinto de la soledad [The labyrinth of solitude]. Fondo de Cultura Económica.

(Paz, 1959)

Illustrated Books

Only include the illustrator if the pictures are essential to understanding content (e.g., picture books, graphic novels) and if they are listed on the front cover.


Author, A. A., & Illustrator, B. B. (Year). Title of book. Publisher.


Napoli, D. J., & Bates, A. (2014). Hands and hearts. Abrams Books for Young Readers.

(Napoli & Bates, 2014)

Sacred Texts

Religious works are considered to not have a specific author.


Title of religious work (A. A. Translator, Trans.). (Year). Publisher. (Original work published Year)


The Green Bible: New Revised Standard Version. (2008). HarperOne.

(The Green Bible, Luke 12:49)

The Qur'an (M. A. S. Abdel Haleem, Trans.) (2010). Oxford University Press

(The Qur'an, 5:3–4)